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Compelling Statistics on CVD and Diabetes in Asian Indians:

Compelling Statistics on CVD and Diabetes in Asian Indians:

Below are compelling statistics towards the scientific rationale for development of these educational networks following by Chairs of these networks. Please contact the Chairs/Co-Chairs below to join any of these networks & visit the website of these Networks at:
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  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) tends to occur earlier in life and in a higher percentage of the population in Asian Indians than in other ethnic groups 1
  • American Southeast Asian Indians typically develop a heart attack 10 years earlier than other populations 2
  • Approximately one-third of all first heart attacks among Indians occur in Indians younger than 45, and their heart disease is often comparable in severity to that of older Indians 2
  • Indians' heart disease is more severe, diffuse, and more likely to be multi-vessel compared to whites despite their younger age, smoking less, and lower rates of hypertension 2
  • Although Indians are the highest socioeconomic group in the U.S., and one of the best educated, t in a higher percentage of the population in Asian Indians than in other ethnic groups 1
  • Although Indians are the highest socioeconomic group in the U.S., and one of the best educated, the Kaiser Study found that the hospitalization rate for heart disease among its Indian patients was four times that of its non-Indian patients - this means that the Indians hospitalized - truly needed urgent care 2
  • Serious forms of coronary artery disease, especially left main coronary artery disease and three vessel disease are twice as common among Indians as in whites, and even more common among Indian women 2
  • Lipoprotein levels are higher in Indians than any other ethnic group.1
  • Indian vegetarians tend to avoid fish (which is highly cardioprotective when it contains omega-3 fats) and to eat a lot of saturated dairy fat, trans fats, and high glycemic carbohydrates 2
  • Among Indians living in the U.S., Indian women have the highest Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) mortality, 30% higher than Whites and 325% higher than the Chinese 3 
  • In the Diabetes Among Indian Amerians (DIA) study 4
    • Prevalence rate of diabetes in Asian Indians was 17.4%
    • The age-adjusted prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was 32.7% by the modified NCEP/ ATP III criteria, and 38.2% by IDF criteria. The most frequent contributing components of MetS were IFG (62.5%), high triglyceride levels (42.3%), and low HDL-C levels (37.7%)
    • There was a high frequency of hypertriglyceridemia (42.3%), increased total cholesterol (43.5%), high LDL-C (41.4%, N130 mg/dl), low HDL-C (26.4%), elevated C- reactive protein (65%), and homocysteine (40.5%)
    • The prevalence of DM for adults aged ≥20 years (17.4%) exceeds that of non-Hispanic whites (NHW) (7.8%), non- Hispanic blacks (13%), Hispanic Latinos (10.2%), and Native Americans/Alaskan natives (15.1%) as reported by the American Diabetes Association and Centers for Disease Control in 2001


1) Bahl VK, Prabhakaran D, Karthikayan G. Coronary Artery Disease in Indians, Indian Heart Journal November-December, 2001; 53: (6) 707-713 http://indianheartjournal.com/2001-5/Nove-December2001/coronary/coronary.htm. Accessed November 9, 2009.

2) Enas EA. How to Beat the Heart Disease Epidemic Among South Asians: A Prevention and Management Guide for Asian Indians and Their Doctors. Downers Grove: Advanced Heart Lipid Clinic, 2005. Preview available at http://www.cadiresearch.com. Accessed November 9. 2009.

3) Enas EA, Senthikumar A, Juturu V, Gupta R. Coronary artery disease in women. Indian Heart J 2001, 53: 282-292. http://cadiresearch.com. Access November 12, 2009

4) Misra R et al. Prevalence of Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in US Asian Indians: Results from a National Study. J Diabetes Complications. 2010 May-Jun;24(3):145-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2009.01.003. Epub 2009 Mar 19Di